Anglo-Saxon Historical Introduction Project
I. You will work in groups of no more than four and will be assigned one of the four groups of influential early inhabitants of Britain. You will create an oral presentation on your inhabitants lasting about three to five minutes and including a visual aid.
1. Celts 2. Romans 3. Anglo-Saxons 4. Vikings 5. Normans
II. Research your group using at least three sites and list them in MLA bibliographic format. Consider the following areas:
· Characteristics of the culture
· Contributions to/ Influences on Britain:
v Social structure and government
v Architecture and construction
v Interesting trivia
III. Document your resources.
On your visual aid, list the sites you used for your information in the following MLA format:
If available, author’s last name, first name. “Title of article.” Website title.
Original date of publication if available. Page numbers if available. Web. Date
you accessed the information.
If your pictures are from the Internet, paste the URL near each picture.
IV. Include visual aids (Pic Collage, PowerPoint, Prezi, posters, etc.) in an oral presentation involving all group members.
Rubric 4 Excellent 3 Good 2 Fair 1 Poor 0 Missing
______Evidence of Preparation
Using your word list, fill in the blank with the most appropriate word. You may need to add word endings.
1. The dirty waters of the ______ pool did not invite us to take a swim.
2. After a hard week at work, Mrs. Crane ______ a chance to relax and read a book.
3. Learning that her kitten had been hit by a car, the little girl gave a loud, heartbreaking ______.
4. I need to _______ the old, worn-out clothes from my closet.
5. Superstitious people believe that a having a black cat cross in front of them is a/an ______ of bad luck.
6. Secure the boat to the dock by making the rope _____ so that the boat cannot drift.
7. The wolf crept into its ______ to sleep.
8. The angry mother slapped her disobedient child’s hand, but she hit him so hard that she left a/an _______ mark there.
9. Brainstorming sessions help creative individuals to _______ new ideas.
10. Threatened by the bully, the small child _______ in fear against the wall.
11. Arthritis can be a crippling _______.
12. We put on boots to trek through the boggy _______.
13. The insurance company offered monetary _______ for Tom’s injuries in the accident.
14. Al Capone was a/an ________ criminal whose name was often in the papers in the 1930’s.
15. The children _______ themselves on the Halloween candy before their mother realized how much they had eaten.
16. We all ________ at teacher when she wore a clown costume to school.
17. The bear scratched the tree with its sharp ______.
18. The missionary was sent to convert the _______.
19. The most famous ______ is the one that supposedly covered Jesus in the tomb.
20. Some people like snakes, but others find them to be ________ creatures.
21. We sent sympathy cards to the family to offer them _______ in their mourning.
Beowulf Discussion Questions
After reading the Beowulf selections, write your reflections on each of the following questions in well-organized and developed paragraphs. Cite textual evidence to support your answers.
1. Does Beowulf as a man embody the Anglo-Saxon heroic ideals? Does he meet YOUR criteria for a hero? Why, or why not?
2. What does this story say about the conflict between good and evil? Consider the following questions: How do we determine what is evil? How do we identify evil? How may our point of view affect our answer to this question? Were the monsters in this story evil? If so, were they evil to the same degree?
3. Beowulf has sometimes been criticized for hubris, excessive pride. Do you feel this charge is justified? Why, or why not?
4. Do you feel our society shares the same values as those seen in Beowulf? Explain?
5. Find an example of each of the following literary devices in the story: personification, alliteration, caesura, onomatopoeia, epithet, and kenning.
Anglo-Saxon Literary Terms
1. Epic- a long, narrative poem about a hero and his society's values
2. Kenning- a metaphorical compound renaming simpler nouns. Examples: "whale road" (sea) "shepherd of evil" (Grendel)
3. Alliteration- repetition of beginning consonant sounds
4. Personification- giving human traits to non-humans
5. Caesura- a pause, split, or break in a line of poetry.
Example: " He took what he wanted, // all the treasures"
6. Onomatopoeia- use of words whose sounds echo their meanings. Examples: crack, buzz, pop
Practice: Label each of the following with the term most evident in the sentence.
1. The angry wind snatched my hat off my head and threw it into the gutter.
2. Her acts of kindness, seeds of love, grew in the hearts of all whom she met.
3. Alfred the Great, his people's mighty shield, is considered to be the best Anglo-Saxon leader.
4. When Stephen swung the bat, he heard a loud snap and felt a pain shoot through his shoulder.
5. Grendel, a curse of Satan, tormented the villagers for many years.
1. Superhuman hero
2. Large-scale battle affecting many lives
3. Long, boasting speeches
4. Elevated language
5. Characters and weapons
6. Supernatural agents of good and evil aiding opposing sides
7. In medias res- beginning in the middle of the action
8. Invocation of the muse
9. Announcement of the theme at the beginning
Cycles in Beowulf
Preparation: None ( armor, useless men, and bare hands)
Initiation: manhood, warriorhood, life, and evil
Foe: Grendel's mother
Prep.: Sword, armor
Initiation: Greater evil, the unknown, kingship
Foe: Dragon (Satanic symbol)
Prep.: Sword, armor, men
Initiation: Greatest evil, death
1. How does the hibernation cycle reflect Beowulf's (and our) life cycle?
2. Why is it called a cycle?
3. How does the initiation cycle reflect Beowulf's increasing maturity?
Beowulf Writing Responses Form B
Select one of the following topics to develop in a composition with a topic sentence or introductory paragraph, supporting details and examples, and a concluding sentence (clincher) or concluding paragraph.
1. For whom would you be willing to die? Why?
2. Is it harder to live or to die for a cause? Explain.
3. For what cause or belief would you be willing to devote, and possibly sacrifice, your life?
4. Would you rather have a short, happy life with a violent death or a long, boring life with a peaceful death?
5. Who is your personal hero? Why?
6. What would you consider to be your Grendel, the greatest challenge you have faced so far? How have you met that challenge? How has facing it caused you to grow or affected you?
7. What do you feel is your unknown, the murky, unclear “waters” that you will figuratively dive into one day? How have you prepared for this challenge? What are the positive outcomes you anticipate from successfully facing it?
8. Do you consider yourself an adult? Why, or why not? If not, what traits do you feel you need to acquire? When do you think you will become an adult? Is age a factor?
9. How have you emotionally changed, grown, or matured since you were a high school freshman?
10. What do you think is the greatest challenge people face? What do you think your greatest challenge will be? How are you preparing for it?
11. Joseph Addison (1672-1719) once said, “Fame is a vapor, popularity an accident, riches take wing. Only one thing endures, and that is character.” How do you think Anglo-Saxons would react to this statement? How do you react to it?
12. To the Anglo-Saxon warriors, as we saw in Beowulf, being remembered as brave, honorable, and noble was important. For what do you want to be remembered? What do you want to leave as your legacy?
Review for Beowulf I. Characters: Identify each character being described. II. Structure: Fill in the blank with the answer relating to the structure of the story. III. Literary Devices Using the word bank below, identify the literary device seen in each. Alliteration Kenning Epithet Personification Onomatopoeia IV. Historical Background A. Using the word bank below, identify each group described. Romans Vikings Anglo-Saxons Normans Celts V. Sequencing: Number the following events in the order in which they occurred in Beowulf. 1. _____ Wiglaf becomes king of the Geats. 2. _____ Grendel’s mother seeks to avenge her son’s death. 3. _____ Beowulf boasts that no man except him could hope to defeat the dragon. 4. _____ Grendel begins his attacks on the Danish meadhall Herot. 5. _____ Beowulf presents his credentials to King Hrothgar. 6. _____ The Danes sing praises to the Almighty for His beautiful creation. 7. _____ Beowulf returns with Grendel’s head and the hilt of a magic sword. 8. _____ Beowulf’s men hack uselessly with their swords. 9. _____ Beowulf is wrapped in the flames of his enemy, receiving mortal wounds. 10. _____ Beowulf sees a magical sword in an underwater lair and uses it to defeat his enemy.
Review for Beowulf
I. Characters: Identify each character being described.
II. Structure: Fill in the blank with the answer relating to the structure of the story.
III. Literary Devices
Using the word bank below, identify the literary device seen in each.
Alliteration Kenning Epithet Personification Onomatopoeia
IV. Historical Background
A. Using the word bank below, identify each group described.
Romans Vikings Anglo-Saxons Normans Celts
V. Sequencing: Number the following events in the order in which they occurred in Beowulf.
1. _____ Wiglaf becomes king of the Geats.
2. _____ Grendel’s mother seeks to avenge her son’s death.
3. _____ Beowulf boasts that no man except him could hope to defeat the dragon.
4. _____ Grendel begins his attacks on the Danish meadhall Herot.
5. _____ Beowulf presents his credentials to King Hrothgar.
6. _____ The Danes sing praises to the Almighty for His beautiful creation.
7. _____ Beowulf returns with Grendel’s head and the hilt of a magic sword.
8. _____ Beowulf’s men hack uselessly with their swords.
9. _____ Beowulf is wrapped in the flames of his enemy, receiving mortal wounds.
10. _____ Beowulf sees a magical sword in an underwater lair and uses it to defeat his enemy.